نقش میانجی‌گری بهزیستی روان‌شناختی در رابطه بین تاب‌آوری و ارتباط مثبت در مدرسه

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور، ایران، تهران.

2 استادیار گروه روانشناسی، دانشکده علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا (س)، ایران، تهران.

3 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور بهبهان.

چکیده

مقدمه و هدف: پژوهش حاضر با هدف بررسی نقش واسطه­ای بهزیستی روان‌شناختی در رابطه­ بین تاب­آوری و ارتباط مثبت در مدرسه انجام شد.
روش شناسی پژوهش: به این منظور، از جامعه 2744 نفری دانش‌آموزان دختر متوسطه اول شهر بهبهان، 338 نفر با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان به ­عنوان نمونه آماری تعیین و با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری خوشه­ای چند مرحله­ای انتخاب گردید. داده­های لازم با استفاده از پرسشنامه­های تاب­آوری کانر و دیویدسون (Conner & Davidson,2003)، ارتباط مثبت در مدرسه بتی همر و کهل (Beaty, Homer & Kahle, 2004) و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی کارول ریف (Carol Ryff, 1989)، جمع‌آوری و با استفاده از نرم­افزارهای SPSS و Amos تحلیل گردید. مدل­یابی معادلات ساختاری به منظور آزمون روابط بین متغیرها در مدل مفروض استفاده شد.
یافته­ها: نتایج نشان داد شاخص­های برازش (مطلق، تطبیقی و مقصد) مدل واسطه‌ای متغیر بهزیستی روان‌شناختی (با انجام برخی اصلاحات)، به طور معنادار در وضعیت مطلوبی قرار دارد. همچنین نتایج نشان داد بر اساس مدل مفروض، متغیرهای تاب­آوری 15/۰ و بهزیستی روان‌شناختی 123/۰ از پراکندگی نمرات ارتباط مثبت در مدرسه را تبیین می­کنند و اثر غیر مستقیم تاب­آوری بر ارتباط مثبت در مدرسه با واسطه‌گری بهزیستی روان‌شناختی 131/۰ است که از نظر آماری معنادار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Mediation Role of Psychological Well-Being in the Relationship between Resilience and Positive Connection at School

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Rahim Jafarzadeh 1
  • Seyedeh Asma Hosseini 2
  • Azam Alaei rozbahani 3
1 Assistant Professor, department of educational science, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran.
2 Professor, department of Psychology, AlZahra University, Tehran, Iran.
3 Master of Educational Psychology, Payame Noor University, Behbahan, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to investigate the mediating role of psychological well-being in the relationship between resilience and positive communication in school..
research methodology: The statistical population consisted of 2744 female students in the first secondary schools of Behbahan city. From them 338 students were determined by the Krejcie and Morgan table as the statistical sample and selected by multistage cluster sampling. The required data were collected using Conner and Davidson Resiliency Questionnaires (2003), Positive connection at School Betty et al. (2004), and Ryff Psychological Well-being (1989), using  SPSS and Amos software . Structural equation modeling was used to test the relationships between variables in the assumed model.
Findings: The results showed that the fitting indices (absolute, adaptive, and target) of the mediating model of psychological well-being variable (with some modifications) were significantly in good condition. The results also showed that based on the assumed model, the variables of resiliency 0.15 and psychological well-being 0.123 of the statistical dispersion  explained positive communication scores in school. The indirect effect of resilience on positive communication at school with mediating role of psychological well-being was 0.131, which is statistically significant.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Resilience
  • positive communication in school
  • Psychological well-being
  • school.
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