چارچوب مناسب برای سنجش معنویت محیط کار بر اساس آموزه های ایرانی و اسلامی در مراکز آموزش عالی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار ، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد کازرون،دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کازرون،ایران

2 دانش آموخته، گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد کازرون، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، کازرون، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر ارائه چهارچوبی جهت سنجش معنویت محیط کار در آموزش عالی بود. این پژوهش با اتخاذ رویکرد آمیخته و با بهره گیری از روش اکتشافی متوالی از نوع ابزار سازی، انجام شد. جامعه آماری قسمت کیفی این پژوهش؛اساتید و صاحبنظران به عنوان افراد کلیدی به تعدا 28 نفر در استان فارس بود. و در بخش کمی شامل کلیه اساتید هیات علمی در رشته های علوم انسانی به ویژه رشته های مدیریت آموزشی و برنامه ریزی درسی بودند. نمونه گیری در بخش کیفی هدفمند با رویکرد افراد کلیدی و رسیدن به اشباع نظری بود و در بخش کمی از نوع دردسترس بوده است. به‌منظور گردآوری داده‌ها از روش کتابخانه‌ای، مصاحبه نیمه ساختار یافته (بخش کیفی) و پرسشنامه محقق ساخته (بخش کمی) استفاده شد.در این راستا تعداد 184 پرسشنامه جمع آوری و از طریق نرم افزار هایSPSS  و  LISREL مورد  تحلیل عامل تاییدی قرارگرفت. روایی پرسشنامه به روش روایی محتوایی و جرح و تعدیل توسط متخصصین صورت گرفت. پایایی پرسشنامه از طریق آلفای کرونباخ به مقدار 866/0 به دست آمد. سپس برازش مدل مذکور مورد بررسی و تایید قرار گرفت. در نهایت چهارچوب به دست آمده شامل ابعاد فردی(تعاملات پرهیزگارانه، معناجویی، اخلاق کاری) ، میان فردی(بردباری، عزت نفس، منزلت اجتماعی، تعامل با زیردستان، خدمت رسانی) و فرافردی (اطاعت از مافوق، شایسته سالاری، تعهدشغلی)، می باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

An Appropriate Framework for Assessing of the Work Place Spirituality Based on Iranian and Islamic teachings in higher education

نویسندگان [English]

  • A Ghasemizad 1
  • N Salami 2
2 iau
چکیده [English]

The aim fo This study was to provide a framework for assessing workplace spirituality in higher education. In this regard, by adopting a mixed method and using the sequential exploratory study, selective texts with the aim of extracting the sources of spirituality in ancient Iranian culture as well as Islamic teachings were studied. Finally, a researcher-made questionnaire was developed and validated in quantitative part.The sampling method was purposeful at the qualitative section with the approach of key people and achieved theoretical saturation and was available in a quantitative part. Instrument in in the qualitative section included texts relating to research concepts like Quran, Nahjolbalagheh and famous religious books and Avesta religious books and interviews with knowlegable people such as university professors of Quran sciences and the prophet's sayings, Islamic texts, Archeology, history, management, Avesta and Zoroastrian specialists and in quantitative section include all professors of Azad and state university of Fars province. Sampling was theoretical in qualitative section and purposeful (judgment) in quantitative section. Then, 184 questionnaires were collected and analyzed by using SPSS and LISREL softwares and descriptive statistics and Confirmatory factor analysis. Validity of the questionnaire was achieved by Cronbach's alpha which was 0.866. Then, Research causal model was evaluated and fitness of the model was confirmed. Finally, the framework includes individual aspects (acting pious, meaning-seeking, work ethic), interpersonal (tolerance, self-esteem, social status, interact with subordinates, service) and Transpersonal (obedience to superiors, meritocracy, job commitment)

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • workplace spirituality
  • Iranian ancient culture
  • ancient teachings
  • Islamic teachings
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