آسیب شناسی خلق ظرفیتهای نوآوری در مدیریت دانشگاهی ایران (مورد: دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته دوره دکتری رشته مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

2 استادگروه آموزش عالی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

3 دانشیارگروه آموزش عالی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد علوم و تحقیقات، تهران، ایران.

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف شناسایی چالش ها و آسیب های خلق ظرفیت‌های نوآوری در مدیریت دانشگاهی ایران با تاکید بر دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی به انجام رسیده است. روش پژوهش از نظر هدف کاربردی، از نظر داده‌ها آمیخته(کمی کیفی-) اکتشافی و از نظر روش اجرا بر مبنای نظریه داده بنیاد و پیمایشی مقطعی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش در بخش کیفی خبرگان و صاحب نظران دانشگاهی بودند که از آنها 17 نفر به عنوان نمونه انتخاب و در فرایند مصاحبه شرکت کردند. جامعه آماری بخش کمی 248 نفر از روسا، معاونان پژوهش و فناوری، آموزشی، روسای دانشکده ها و اعضای هیات علمی برجسته با درجه استادیاری به بالا با تاکید بر گرایش‌های مختلف مدیریت و متخصصان خبره آموزش عالی واحدهای دانشگاه‌های آزاد اسلامی تهران بوده اند که بر اساس جدول مورگان 212 نفر به عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند و به روش نمونه گیری طبقه‌ای تصادفی پرسشنامه بین آنها توزیع شد که در نهایت 197 پرسشنامه عودت داده شده است. ابزار جمع آوری داده‌ها اسناد و مدارک، مصاحبه ساختاریافته و پرسشنامه بوده است. به منظور تعیین اعتبار و روایی بخش کیفی از فن دلفی استفاده شده و در مرحله کمی برای تعیین روایی، از روایی صوری و اعتبار پرسشنامه با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ ، برابر با 91 /0 بدست آمده است. روش تجزیه و تحلیل داده در بخش کیفی تکنیک کدگذاری و در بخش کمی از آمار توصیفی و تحلیل عامل اکتشافی، تاییدی و آزمون تی تک نمونه ای و دو گروهی همبسته استفاده شده است.
نتایج پژوهش نشان داده است که خلق ظرفیت نوآوری در مدیریت دانشگاهی با 2 بعد، 8 مؤلفه و 106 شاخص(شامل بعد سخت با سه مؤلفه سازماندهی و ساختار سازمانی(35 شاخص)، فرایندهای سازمانی(3 شاخص)، منابع و تجهیزات(4 شاخص) و بعد نرم با 5 مؤلفه فرهنگ سازمانی(12 شاخص)، مدیریت سرمایه انسانی(18 شاخص)، رهبری و مدیریت استراتژیک دانش(14 شاخص)، آموزش و ارتقاء علمی(9 شاخص)، پژوهش و فناوری(11 شاخص) سنجیده شده است. همچنین وضعیت هر دو بعد سخت و نرم خلق ظرفیت نوآوری و مؤلفه های آنها پایین تر از میانگین نظری است و بطور کلی وضعیت موجود دانشگاه از حد متوسط و مورد انتظار پایین تر است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Pathology of Innovation Capabilities creation in Iranian University Management (Case: Islamic Azad University)

نویسندگان [English]

  • NADER Barzegar 1
  • Nadergholi ghorchian 2
  • ali Taghipur zahir 3
1 Educational management, faculty member, tehran, iran
2 Educational Management, Management and Economics, Research Sciences, Tehran, Iran
3 Educational Management, Management and Economics, Research Sciences, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present studys aim is to indentify the challenge and damage of innovation capacities creation in Iranian university management based on Islamic Azad University. The research method is applied in terms of the applied (qualitative-quantitative) data, and in terms of the nature and method of the implementation of the foundation and a cross-sectional survey. The studys statistical population in qualitative part were University experts that 17 of them is selected as samples and participated in the interview process. The statistical population quantity part were 248 persons in position of managers, research and technology assistant, educational assistant ,faculty heads and prominent academic staffs that the emphasis was on different management attitude and expert of higher education in Islamic Azad universities branch. Based on Morgan's table, 212 people were selected as sample size and distributed randomly among the questionnaires,that finally, 197 questionnaires were returned.The designed questionnaire consisted of 2 dimensions, 9 components and 106 indicators, which were arranged in the form of a two-way Likert spectrum. In order to determine the reliability and validity of the qualitative part of Delphi technique, in the quantitative stage for determining the validity, formal validity were used and Cronbach's alpha was used to determine the credibility of the questionnaire. The data analysis method is used in the qualitative section of the encoding technique and in the quantitative section, besides the descriptive statistics,exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory, and one-sample t-test and two correlated groups,have been used.
The results are as follows:The appropriate for innovation capacity creation in university management has 2 dimensions, 8 components and 106 indicators (including hard dimension with three components of organization and organizational structure(35 indicators), organizational processes (3 indicators),resources and equipment(4 indicators) and soft dimension with 5 components of organizational culture(12 indicators), human capital management (18 indicators), leadership and strategic management of knowledge (14 indicators), education and promotion of science (9 indicators), research and technology (11 indicators). The situation of both hard and soft dimensions of creativity of innovation capacity and their components is lower than theoretical average, and in general, the situation is lower than the average and expected level.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Innovation
  • Creation of Innovation Capacity
  • Academic Management
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