عنوان مقاله [English]
The present studys aim is to indentify the challenge and damage of innovation capacities creation in Iranian university management based on Islamic Azad University. The research method is applied in terms of the applied (qualitative-quantitative) data, and in terms of the nature and method of the implementation of the foundation and a cross-sectional survey. The studys statistical population in qualitative part were University experts that 17 of them is selected as samples and participated in the interview process. The statistical population quantity part were 248 persons in position of managers, research and technology assistant, educational assistant ,faculty heads and prominent academic staffs that the emphasis was on different management attitude and expert of higher education in Islamic Azad universities branch. Based on Morgan's table, 212 people were selected as sample size and distributed randomly among the questionnaires,that finally, 197 questionnaires were returned.The designed questionnaire consisted of 2 dimensions, 9 components and 106 indicators, which were arranged in the form of a two-way Likert spectrum. In order to determine the reliability and validity of the qualitative part of Delphi technique, in the quantitative stage for determining the validity, formal validity were used and Cronbach's alpha was used to determine the credibility of the questionnaire. The data analysis method is used in the qualitative section of the encoding technique and in the quantitative section, besides the descriptive statistics,exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory, and one-sample t-test and two correlated groups,have been used.
The results are as follows:The appropriate for innovation capacity creation in university management has 2 dimensions, 8 components and 106 indicators (including hard dimension with three components of organization and organizational structure(35 indicators), organizational processes (3 indicators),resources and equipment(4 indicators) and soft dimension with 5 components of organizational culture(12 indicators), human capital management (18 indicators), leadership and strategic management of knowledge (14 indicators), education and promotion of science (9 indicators), research and technology (11 indicators). The situation of both hard and soft dimensions of creativity of innovation capacity and their components is lower than theoretical average, and in general, the situation is lower than the average and expected level.