تدوین مدل هویت حرفه‌ای اعضای هیات علمی (مورد مطالعه: اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه های آزاد اسلامی استان فارس)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد فیروزآباد، فیروزآباد، ایران

2 استادیار دانشکده اقتصاد و مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم تحقیقات، تهران، ایران

3 - دانشیار دانشکده روانشناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مرودشت، مرودشت، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر از نظر طرح، جزء پژوهش‌های ترکیبی (کمّی و کیفی) است. مشارکت کنندگان بالقوه‌ی پژوهش، اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه‌های کشور در حوزه‌ی علوم تربیتی و آموزش عالی بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند صاحب نظران کلیدی و در ادامه تکنیک اشباع نظری، 12 تن از اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه‌های شیراز، تربیت مدرس، رازی کرمانشاه، یزد و علوم تحقیقات تهران انتخاب شدند. برای جمع آوری داده ها از دو ابزار"بررسی اسناد" و "مصاحبه نیمه ساختار یافته" استفاده گردید. با روش همسو سازی، اعتبارپذیری داده ها تایید شد. به منظور تحلیل داده ها، از روش تحلیل مضمون استفاده شد. پس از آن اقدام به کدگذاری داد‌ه‌ها برای شناخت عوامل، ملاک ها و نشانگرهای الگو گردید. سرانجام یافته‌ی اصلی پژوهش، طراحی مدل هویت حرف های اعضای هیات علمی با 5 مضمون فراگیر 1)زمینه ای 2) شخصی 3) فرهنگی اجتماعی 4) حرفه ای و 5) سیاسی اقتصادی بود. بر اساس مدل مستخرجه از شبکه مضامین، پرسشنامه سنجش هویت حرفه‌ای اعضای هیات علمی تدوین شده و جهت تعیین روایی و پایایی در اختیار 30 نفر از اعضای هیات علمی قرار گرفت. روایی پرسشنامه از طریق تحلیل گویه با ضریب 86/0 – 69/0 و پایایی آن نیز با آلفای کرانباخ و ضریب 76/0 به تایید رسید. در بخش کمّی پژوهش، پرسشنامه تدوین شده در اختیار 331 نفر از اعضای هیات علمی دانشگاه‌های آزاد اسلامی استان فارس که به صورت خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شده بودند قرار گرفت. نتایج آزمون تحلیل واریانس اندازه‌گیری‌های مکرر نشان داد که از نظر اعضای هیات علمی، عوامل حرفه‌ای، شخصی، فرهنگی اجتماعی، زمینه‌ای و سیاسی اقتصادی به ترتیب بیشترین تا کمترین میزان تاثیر را بر رشد هویت حرفه ای آنان دارا می باشند. نتایج تحلیل واریانس چند متغیره نیز نشان داد که بین هویت حرفه‌ای اعضای هیأت علمی دارای مرتبه‌های علمی مختلف، تفاوت معناداری وجود ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Formation of the Professional Identity Model of Faculty Members (Case study: faculty members of Islamic Azad University of Fars province)

نویسندگان [English]

  • moein foroutan 1
  • hamideh reshadatjoo 2
  • siamak samani 3
1 Islamic Azad Universitu Faculty member
2 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics and Management, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Marvdasht Branch, Marvdasht, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present research is a component of quantitative and qualitative research. The research participants were faculty members of universities in the field of education and higher education. Twelve faculty members of Shiraz, Tarbiat Modarres, Razi, Yazd and Tehran sciences and research branch universities were selected by means of targeted sampling of key experts and following theoretical saturation technique. Data were collected using two tools: "Document Examination" and "Semi-structured interview". The data analysis method was used to data analysis. Finally, the main finding of the study was the design of a professional identity model of faculty members with 5 general themes: 1) background 2) personal 3) social culture 4) professional and 5) political-economic. Based on the selected model of the content network, a faculty member's professional identity questionnaire was developed and 30 faculty members were assigned to determine the validity and reliability. The validity of the questionnaire was analyzed by the Item analysis and its reliability with Cronbach's alpha. In a quantitative part of the study, a questionnaire was distributed to 331 faculty members of the Islamic Azad University of Fars province selected by multi-stage cluster sampling. The results of repeated measures of variance analysis indicated that faculty members, professional, personal, cultural, social, political and economic factors had the highest and the least impact on the growth of their professional identity, respectively. The results of multivariate analysis of variance also showed that there is no significant difference between the professional identity of faculty members with different scientific degrees.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "professional identity"
  • "higher education"
  • "faculty member"
  • "islamic azad university"
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