مطالعه پدیدار شناختی از تجارب معلمان برخوردار از تحصیلات دکتری تخصصی از مواجه آنان با خدمات مبتنی بر نگهداری منابع انسانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه ریزی درسی ، دانشکده علوم انسانی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد مرند، مرند، ایران

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، بررسی تجارب معلمان با شرایط تحصیلات آکادمیک بالا درخصوص خدمات مبتنی بر نگهداری نیروی انسانی است. روش پژوهش، کیفی و از نوع پدیدارشناختی می باشد. شرکت کنندگان در این پژوهش معلمان با تحصیلات دکتری تخصصی شاغل در مدیریت آموزش و پرورش شهرستان مرند بودند که با روش نمونه گیری هدفمند انتخاب شدند و حجم آن با توجه به ماهیت پژوهش کیفی تا اشباع نظری داده ها (8 نفر) ادامه یافت. داده ها از طریق مصاحبه عمیق نیمه سازمان یافته گردآوری شد. روش تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات روش کدگذاری موضوعی و استفاده از روش هفت مرحله ای کلایزی بود. روایی پژوهش حاضر از نوع روایی درونی بود که بدین منظور آنالیز داده ها توسط هر دو نویسنده مقاله به منظور بازسازی واقعیت انجام گردید. سپس داده ها و تفسیر از آن ها در اختیار خود معلمان که به عنوان شرکت کننده در پژوهش بودند قرار گرفت تا صحت داده ها و تفسیر از آن را تایید بکنند. برای افزایش پایایی پژوهش، مصاحبه ها با یک برنامه قبلی در یک فضای مناسب و رعایت شرایط مصاحبه با راهنمایی های لازم و به دور از سوگیری و اعمال نظر شخصی انجام می گرفت. از تحلیل داده ها، تعداد 16 زیر درون مایه استخراج شد و این زیردرون مایه ها به ترتیب در 4 درون مایه اصلی (رضایت شغلی، شایسته سالاری، ارتقای شغلی، تعهد سازمانی) طبقه بندی شدند. یافته های پژوهش نشان داد عدم توجه به بهبود ارتقای شغلی، عدم شایسته سالاری و عدم رضایت شغلی نقش مثبتی در خروج این معلمان به رغم داشتن تعهد سازمانی و علاقه به شغل معلمی از سیستم آموزش و پرورش داشت. بنابراین می توان گفت بایستی تحولی در ساختار و تشکیلات و مقررات فعلی آموزش و پرورش متناسب با نظام شایسته سالاری و کاهش بوروکراسی و تقویت مدیریت مشارکتی صورت گیرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A phenomenological study of the experiences of PhD educated teachers from their encounter with human resource-based services

نویسندگان [English]

  • d t 1
  • majid ebadi sharaf abad 2
1 استادیار برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشکده روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه تبریز، تبریز، ایران
2 phd student
چکیده [English]

The main objective of this paper is to investigate the teachers' experiences getting high academic studies over the maintenance services based on human power. The research method is qualitative and phenomenological. Participants in this study were teachers with PhD degree in Marand education office who were selected by purposeful sampling and its number continued with respect to the nature of the qualitative research to theoretical saturation of data (8 people). The data were collected through a semi-structured, deep interview. The method of data analysis was the method of coding the subject with using the seven-step method. The validity of the present study was an internal type of validity, so that the data were analyzed by both authors of the article in order to rebuild the reality. Then, the data and interpretation of them were made available to the teachers themselves who participated in the study to confirm the accuracy of the data and the interpretation. In order to increase the research's reliability, the interviews were conducted with an earlier program in an appropriate atmosphere and observing the interviewing conditions with necessary guidance and away from bias and personal conduct. . About 16 sub-themes were extracted through partial concepts maintaining respectively within the main theme (job satisfaction, meritocracy, job promotion and organizational commitment). Based on our findings, lack of job promotion considerations, lack of meritocracy and job satisfaction are correlated with the teachers' resignation despite their organizational commitment and job concern. So, we can say that there needs to be a change in the current structure and organization of education in line with the system of meritocracy and the reduction of bureaucracy and the strengthening of participatory governance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • phenomenological study
  • human power maintenance
  • teacher experiences
  • education
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