ساخت و هنجاریابی پرسشنامه نگرش سنج استعداد ریاضی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، واحد رودهن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، رودهن، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، ساخت و هنجاریابی پرسشنامه «پرسشنامه نگرش سنج استعداد ریاضی فرزندان» توسط والدین است. در همین راستا، پرسشنامه‌ی سنجش استعداد ریاضی توسط والدین تهیه گردید و برای تعیین روایی محتوایی از متخصصان روانشناسی تربیتی نظرخواهی شد، و گویه‌هایی که مورد توافق و تأیید شده بیش از 75% بود به عنوان گویه های مناسب انتخاب شد. پرسشنامه در مرحله اول، بر روی نمونه 293 نفر از دانش آموآن سال اول دبیرستان اجرا شد. پس از گردآوری داده ها، ضریب اعتبار آزمون 80/0بدست آمد و با توجه به همبستگی هر سئوال با کل آزمون، تعداد 6 سئوال که همبستگی کمتر از 3/0 با کل آزمون داشتند حذف و ضریب اعتبار آزمون مجدداً محاسبه شد که میزا ان 89/0 درصد بود. با اجرای تحلیل عاملی، هشت عامل از پرسشنامه استخراج شد که 48/54 درصد از واریانس سؤالها راتبیین کرد. برای به دست آوردن عاملهای پرسشنامه از روش تحلیل عاملی استفاده شد. استفاده از شیوه تحلیل عوامل اصلی و چرخش واریماکس و در نظر گرفتن اندازه های ویژه بیشتر از یک انجام شد. پس از آن به نامگذاری عوامل از طریق تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی پرداخته شد که عبارت است از: مهم بودن و لذت بردن، توجه به رشد همه جانبه، خوشحالی فرزند از تأیید معلم، علاقه به یادگیری و کمک دیگران، استفاده از ریاضی در حل مسائل زندگی، خلاقیت در حل مسائل ریاضی، آگاهی از توانایی فرزند و پیگیری در حل مسائل ریاضی. در نهایت می توان از این پرسشنامه برای اندازه گیری سنجش استعداد ریاضی فرزندان(توسط والدین) پژوهشهای گوناگون استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Construction and standardization of mathematical talents attitude questionnaire

نویسندگان [English]

  • ali mahmoodi 1
  • kianoosh hashemian 2
  • Khadija Aboalmaali 2
1 PhD student Department of Educational Psychology, Branch Branch, Islamic Azad University, Branch, Iran.
2 Department of Educational Psychology, Branch Branch, Islamic Azad University, Branch, Iran.
چکیده [English]

The aim of the research, manufacture and standardization Inventory " Attitude questionnaire child's mathematical talent " by parents. in the same way, mathematical aptitude assessment questionnaire was prepared by the parents to determine the validity and content of educational psychology specialists were consulted, and items that have been agreed and approved more than %75 as statements was chosen. In the first questionnaire, on a sample of 293 students was conducted first year of high school. After collecting the data, reliability test, 0/80, respectively, and with respect to each question with the total test correlation, the correlation is less than 0/3 the total number of 6 questions were removed and re-test reliability coefficient was calculated Mesa 0/89 percent. By performing factor analysis of the questionnaire was extracted eight factors that 54/48 percent of the variance fractions related questions. To obtain the operating questionnaire factor analysis was used. Using factor analysis Varimax rotation and taking into account the special size was more than one., creativity in solving mathematical problems, and track awareness of the child's ability in solving mathematical problems. Finally, we can measure this questionnaire to measure mathematically talented children (by parents) used in various studies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Construction
  • Standardization
  • Attitude
  • mathematical talents
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