Adent, N. & Davice. (2002). Markets for Schooling: An economic
Ajzen, I. (1991). Theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and
Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211.
Ajzen, I. (2002). Perceived Behavioral Control, Self-efficacy, Locus of
Control and the Theory of Planned Behavior. Journal of Applied Social
Psychology, 32, 1-20.
Alexei, T., & Kolvereid, L. (1999). Self-employment intentions among
Russian students. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 11(3), 269-271.
Armitage, C. J., & Conner, M. (2001). Efficacy of the Theory of Planned
Behavior: A metaanalytic review. British Journal of Social Psychology, 40,
Audet, J. (2002). A Longitudinal Study of the Entrepreneurial Intentions of
University Students. Paper presented at the Frontiers of Entrepreneurship
Research, Babson College, Wellesley.
Asch,M.(1990). Standards and Measures of Performance: Indicators of
Quality for Virginia Vocational Education Program. Paper prepared for the
teleconference "Preparing a Campetent Work Force through Indicators of
Quality for Vocational Education," Blacksburg: Division of Vocational and
Education, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University.
Autio, E., Keeley, R. H., Klofsten, M., Parker, G. G. C., & Hay, M. (2001).
Entrepreneurial Intent among Students in Scandinavia and in the USA.
Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies, 2(2), 145-160.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unify Theory of behavioral
change. Psychological Rewiew,2/2,145-160
Bandura, A. (1982). Self-efficacy mechanism in human agency. American
Psychologist, 37, 122-147.
Bandura, A. (2001). Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective.
Annual Review of Psychology, 52(1), 1-26.
Barbosa, S.D., Fayolle, A., & Lassas-Clerc, N. (2006). Assessing risk
perception, self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial attitudes and intentions:
Implications for entrepreneurship education. IntEnt 2006 conference.
Baron, R. A. (2002). OB and entrepreneurship: The reciprocal benefits of
closer conceptual links. Research in Organizational Behavior, 24, 225-269.
Baron, R. A. (2004). The cognitive perspective: a valuable tool for answering
entrepreneurship's basic "why" questions. Journal of Business Venturing, 19(2),
Bird, B. (1988). Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: The Case for Intentions.
Academy of Management Review, 13(3), 442-453.
Bosma, N., Acs, Z. J., Autio, E., Coduras, A., & Levie, J. (2008). Global
Entrepreneurship Monitor. 2008 Executive Report. Retrieved May 2010, from
Degeorge, J.m., & Fayolle, A. (2005). IS entrepreneurial intention stable
through time? First insights from a sample of French students. Intent 2005,
School of Management, University of Surrey.
De Noble, A., Jung, D., & Ehrlich, S. (1999). Entrepreneurial self-efficacy:
The development of a measure and its relationship to entrepreneurial actions.
Paper presented at the Frontiers of Entrepreneurship Research, Waltham.
DeVellis, R. F. (1991). Scale development: Theory and applications. Newbury
Park, CA: Sage.
Douglas, E. J., & Shepherd, D. A. (2000). Entrepreneurship as UtilityMaximizing
Response. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(3), 231-251.
Douglas, E. J., & Shepherd, D. A. (2002). Self-Employment as a Career
Choice: Attitudes, Entrepreneurial Intentions, and Utility Maximization.
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 26(3), 81-90.
Drnovsek, M., & Erikson, T. (2005). Competing models of entrepreneurial
intentions. NTNU: Norway.
European Commission. (2003). Green paper "Entrepreneurship in Europe".
Retrieved January 2010, from:
Fitzsimmons, J.R. & Douglas, E.J. (2005). Entrepreneurial attitudes and
entrepreneurial intentions: a cross-cultural study of potential entrepreneurs in
India, China, Thailand and Australia. Babson-Kauffman Entrepreneurial
Research Conference, Wellesley, MA. June.
Gartner, W. B., Shaver, K. G., Gatewood, E. J., & Katz, J. (1994). Finding the
entrepreneur in entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 18(3),
Gird, A., & Bagraim, J. J. (2008). The theory of planned behaviour as
predictor of entrepreneurial intent amongst final-year university students. South
African Journal of Psychology, 38(4), 711-724.
Guerrero, M., Rialp, J. & Urbano, D. (2006). The impact of desirability and
feasibility on entrepreneurial intentions: A structural equation model.
International Entrepreneurship Management, Vol.4, pp 35-50.
Hagger, M. s., Chatzisarantis, N. L. D.,Barkoukis, V., Wang, J. C. K.,Hein,V.,
Pihu, M., Soos, I., & Karsai, I. (2007). Cross-Cultural generalizbility of the
Theory of Planned Behavior among young people in a physical activity context.
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology,29, 1 – 19.
Harland, P., Staats, H., & Wilke, H. (1999). Explaining proenvironmetal
intention and behavior by personal norms and the theory of planned behavior.
Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29(2), 505-528.
Hofstede, G. (2001).Culture's Consequences. Comparing Values, Behaviors,
Institutions and Organizations Across Nations.(California: sage Publications).
Jacob, K., & Richter, P. G. (2005). Absichten zur Gründung eines
Unternehmens bei Studierenden [Students’ intentions to found a business].
Wirtschaftspsychologie, 2, 51-70.
Jung, D. I., Ehrlich, S. B., De Noble, A. F., & Baik, K. B. (2001).
Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and its Relationship to Entrepreneurial Actions: A
Comparative Study Between the US and Korea. Management International,
Katz, J., & Gartner, W. (1988). Properties of emergin organizations. Academy
of Management Review, 13, 429-441.
Khani, A. (2009). Determining employment status of work-knowledge
courses. The Education and Training Organization in Khorasan Province(In
Persian). Available at:
Khedmati, T. (2000). Determining entrepreneurship mentality among
secondary schools in Karaj Township as perceived by teachers, supervisors, and
students during semester 1378-1379. Master Thesis, Shahid Beheshti
University. (In Persian)
Kolvereid, L. (1996). Prediction of employment status choice intentions.
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 21(1), 47-58.
Kolvereid, L., & Isaksen, E. (2006). New business start-up and subsequent
entry into selfemployment. Journal of Business Venturing, 21(6), 866-885.
Krueger, N. F., Jr., & Carsrud, A. L. (1993). Entrepreneurial intentions:
applying the theory of planned behaviour. Entrepreneurship and Regional
Development, 5, 316-323.
Krueger, N. F., Jr., Reilly, M. D., & Carsrud, A. L. (2000). Competing models
of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, 15, 411-432.
Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., & Hackett, G. (2002). Social cognitive career
theory. In D.Brown and Associates, Career choice and development (4 th Ed.),
(pp.255-311). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Linan, F., & Rodriguez-Cohard,J & Guzman,J. (2008).Temporal Stability of
Etrepreneurial Intention: A Longitudinal Study. 4th European Summer
University Conference on Entrepreneurship Bodø Graduate School of Business
and Nordland Research Institute 22nd to 26th August, Norway.
Linan, F., & Chen, Y.-W. (2009). Development and Cross-Cultural
Application of a Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions.
Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593-617.
Linan, F., Rodrigues-Cohard, J., & Rueda-Cantuche, J. M. (2005). Factors
affecting entrepreneurial intention levels. 45 th Congress of the European
Regional Science Association, Amsterdam, 23- 25 august.
Linan, F. (2004). Intention-based models of entrepreneurship education. 14 th
Annual IntEnt Conference. University of Napoli Federico II: Italy.
Luthje, C. & Franke, N. (2003). The making of an entrepreneur: testing a
model of entrepreneurial itent among engineering students at MIT. R & D
Management, Vol.33, No.2, pp 135-147.
Mashayekh,F. (2008). Determining the effect of entrepreneurship education
on secondary students' entrepreneurship mentality in Kazeroon Township.
Journal of Contemporary Thoughts in Behavioral Science, 2(4). (In Persian)
Moriano, J. A. (2005). The Psychosocial Profile of the Entrepreneur. Madrid:
Consejo Económico y Social.
Moriano, J. A. L., & Gorgievski, M. (2007). Psychology of entrepreneurship :
Research and rducation.UNED .
Moriano, J. A., Gomez, A., & Palaci, F. J. (2007). A psychosocial model of
entrepreneurial intentions. Xth European Congress of Psychology. Prague:
Moriano, J. A., Gomez, A., Palaci, F. J., & Morales, J. F. (2006). Are
entrepreneurs individualistic or collectivistic? 26 th International Congress of
Applied Psychology. Athens. Greece.
Moriano, J. A., Robdriguez-Batalla, F., & Zarnowska, A. (2007).
Entrepreneurship: An alternative career for scientists. UNED. Spain.
Moriano, J. A., Palaci, F. J., & Morales, J. F. (2006). The entrepreneurial
intention of university students in Spain. UNED. Spain.
Moriano, J. A., Palaci, F. J., & Morales, J. F. (2007). The psychosocial profile
of the university entrepreneur. Psychology in Spain. 11(1): 72-84.
Rashed, H. S. (2000). Developing entrepreneurial potential in youth: The
effect of entrepreneurial education and venture creation. Available at:
Rezaee.M & Rahsepar.T .( 2009). A Survey of Students' Entrepreneurship
Traits (A Case Study of Darab Islamic Azad University).The Journal of a New
Approach in Education Administration. Vol.2, No.4, pp 45-62. (In Persian).
Rauch, A., & Frese, M. (2007). Let's put the person back into
entrepreneurship research: A meta-analysis on the relationship between business
owners' personality traits, business creation, and success. European Journal of
Work and Organizational Psychology, 16,353-385.
Samadi, P., Shirzadi Esfahan, H. (2008). Determining the relationship
between organizational climate in schools and entrepreneurship mentality
among students in Isfahan Province. Journal of Educational Innovations, 16(5).
Shane, S. Locke, E. A., & Collins, C. J. (2003). Entrepreneurial motivation.
Human Resource Management Review, 13: 257-279.
Shapero, A. (1982). Social Dimensions of Entrepreneurship. In C. A. Kent, D.
L. Sexton & K.Vesper (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship (pp. 72-
90). Englewood Cliffs: Prentice Hall.
Shaver, K. G., & Scott, L. R. (1991). Person, Process, Choice: The
Psychology of New Venture Creation. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice,
Shook, C. L., Priem, R. L., & McGee, J. E. (2003). Venture creation and the
enterprising individual: A review and synthesis. Journal of Management, 29(3),
Sutton, S. (1998). Predicting and Explaining Intentions and Behavior: How
Well Are We Doing? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 28(15), 1317-1338.
Van der.Linde, Dr, Ch. (2000). A new perspective regarding capacities of
education institutions to create work. Journal of Education, 121(1),pp.8-54.
Van Gelderen, M., Maryse, B., Mirjam van, P., Wynand, B., Erik, P., & Anita
van, G. (2008). Explaining entrepreneurial intentions by means of the theory of
planned behaviour. 13, 538-559.
Van Praag, C. M., & Versloot, P. H. (2007). What is the value of
entrepreneurship? A review of recent research. Small Business Economics, 29,
Zarafshani, K. and Pezeshki, V. (2008). Follow up study on agricultural
vocational graduates. Agricultural Education Conference. Tarbiat Modares
Zarafshani, K., and Moradi, KH. (2008). Factors influencing rural women
entrepreneurs success in Kermanshah Province. Research Report, Razi
University. (In Persian)